Teave

Merekalju - ajalugu


Merekalju

(Sukeldumisuuring: t. 21; l. 26 ', s. 2,6 k; vrd 2
max töösügavus 5 280 '+)

General Dynamics Corporationi Grotoni (Conn.) Elektribaatide osakonna ehitatud uurimussukeldu AUTEC I nimetati 3. detsembril 1968 ümber Sea Cliffiks; käivitati 11. detsembril 1968; sponsoriks oli proua Thomas B. Owen ja merevägi võttis selle vastu 25. septembril 1970.

Novembris määrati Sea Cliff San Diegosse allveelaevade arendusgruppi One, kus ta on emalaeva Maxine D saatel teinud uurimistööd aastani 1974. Tal on kaheksa tundi veealust vastupidavust, eluks 100 meest. tundi ja kasulikku koormust 1200 naela.


Phoebe H. Brown

Suur maavärin ja tulekahju tõid tema perekonna Sea Cliffi esimese elukoha ehitamiseks.

Esimene merekalju maja

(Algselt avaldatud Noe Valley Voice, "Firenze perekonnaalbum - 1906. aasta tuhast", aprill 2001)

Igal aprillil peatuvad paljud meist kohutava katastroofi ees (peale maksudeklaratsioonide): 1906. aasta suur maavärin ja tulekahju. 65-sekundiline palavik tabas meie õiglast linna kolmapäeva, 18. aprilli esimestel tundidel. jättis neli ruut miili hävingut.

Kuigi mu perel, tol ajal Idahos, oli sellest sündmusest vähe teadmisi, elasid meie varalahkunud sõber Phoebe Brown perega katastroofi üle ja tegelesid sellega vapralt. Browni perekond elas armsas, hästi sisustatud kodus Van Nessi avenüül. Pärast tugevat raputust --- hiljem määrati see Richteri skaalal 8,0-Brownsi maja seisis endiselt, kuid oli taga. Kogu selle sisu-mööbel, Hiina, portreed-oli põrandale visatud ja purunenud. Kuid õnneks keegi pereliikmetest viga ei saanud.

Mõne minuti jooksul pärast maavärinat mõistsid linnaelanikud, et vähesed mugavused, millest nad sõltuvad-gaas, elekter, telefonid, liftid, isegi tänavarautod-töötavad. Veelgi olulisem on see, et veetrassid olid läbi lõigatud, nii et vett joomiseks ja vett kesklinna puitehitisi ahmiva tulekahju peatamiseks nappis. Tuletõrjeülem Dennis Sullivan ei suutnud juhtida võitlust laieneva tulekahju vastu, sest maavärina ajal oli tema voodile kukkunud korsten, mis murdis mõlemad jalad. (Tema veelgi vähem õnnelik assistent tapeti koheselt.)

Keskpäeval jälgisid Van Nessi avenüü elanikud murelikult, kuidas lainetavad leegid lähemale lähevad, ja linnapea Eugene Schmitz oli sunnitud diktiveerima viktoriaanlikke ridu, et takistada põrgu kogu linna vallutamist. San Franciscansile anti lühike etteteatamisaeg, et koguda kokku oma kõige väärtuslikum vara ja ühineda inimkonna massiga, kes kannab, tõukab ja tõmbab järele seda, mis nende maistest hüvedest järele jäi.

Phoebe Brown oli sel ajal alles väikelaps, nii et hiljem ütles ta, et mäletab maavärinat vaevalt. Tema vanemad ja kaks vanemat venda tulid aga palju tugevamate muljetega. tema ema Helen Hillyer Brown kirjutas nende kogemustest elava ülevaate, kavatsedes selle saata kirjana murelikele sõpradele ja sugulastele.

Helen Brown kirjeldas, kuidas perekond kuhjas oma asjad kergeks hobuvankriks nimega Victoria (kuninganna Victoria järgi). See istus kahekesi, kokkupandava ülaosaga ja oli piisavalt tugev, et viia kaks koormat pruunide majapidamistarbeid kõrgemale. Ta kirjutas ka, et kõik pargid (sealhulgas missioonil olev Dolores Park) muudeti telklinnadeks, kusjuures nii armee kui ka tsiviilisikud tegutsesid ülevaatajatena, et jõustada tervise- ja ohutusreegleid. Õnneks oli ilm pehme ja rahvas püsis heas tujus.

Phoebe isa Phillip King Brown oli arst. Pärast seda, kui ta sai teada, et tema kesklinna meditsiinikontor oli leekidesse süttinud, võttis ta üle tühja maja, et hoolitseda maavärina vigastatud, vanade ja haigete ohvrite eest. Tema naine aitas koguda elavate nimesid, sest sajad (esialgsetel andmetel 674) olid kas surnud või kadunud ning 28 000 hoonet hävis.

Hämmastaval kombel taastus linn laastamisest kiiresti ja kahe aasta jooksul, 1908. aastal, kolis Browni perekond oma uude koju, mis oli esimene Sea Cliffi blufile ehitatud elukoht, kust avaneb vaade Bakeri rannale ja San Francisco lahe sissepääsule. .

Üks 25. avenüü

Külastasime Leoga esimest korda maja umbes 50 aastat tagasi, kui Phoebe Brown, kellega ta San Francisco planeerimisosakonnas töötades kohtus, kutsus meid õhtusöögile. Phoebe armastas meelelahutust ja oli armuline perenaine.

Mäletan, kuidas me massiivse tammepuidust välisukse juures kasutasime rasket tammepuust pronksist koputajat. Sisenedes rabas meid suurte tubade elegants. raamatukapid olid täidetud nahkköitega köitega ja põrandad kaeti luksuslike mustriliste vaipadega (nagu kilim Nomadi vaipade või Artemisia juures 24. tänaval).

Elutoas oli kunstiobjekte kogu maailmast, kuid see, mis köitis mu tähelepanu, oli kamina kohal kaunistatud kuldses raamis maal. See oli õli, mis kujutas kuldse kuivanud rohuga mäenõlva, millel oli vaevalt tallatud, looklev rada ja taustal mõned tammed. Kui rääkisin Phoebele, kui väga ma vaikset stseeni imetlen, paljastas ta rõõmsalt maali ajaloo.

Maastiku oli kinkinud isale ja emale pulmakingiks kunstnik William Keith, kes oli isiklik sõber. Raamitud maal rippus nende elutoas tol saatuslikul päeval 1906. aastal, kui tuli käsk jätta nende kodu Van Nessi avenüül. Sellise raske ja raske eseme transportimine ei tulnud kõne allagi, kuid mõte selle aarde õhkulaskmisest oli liiga valus kanda, nii et proua Brown lõikas lõuendi raamist välja, rullis selle toruks ja sikutas kokku ta kaenla alla, säästes selle järglaste jaoks.

William Keith, sündinud Šotimaal 1839. aastal (ta suri 1911. aastal), oli Californias äärmiselt populaarne ja viljakas maalikunstnik. Ta käis sageli koos sõbra, loodusteadlase John Muiriga mägimatkadel. Muir heitis oma kunstnikust sõbrale vabaduste võtmist koos emake loodusega, sest Keith tundis kohustust oma maalide kompositsiooni parandamiseks puud liigutada või vahele jätta.

William Keithi tööd leiate enamikust California muuseumidest. Tegelikult tegin ma viimase pilgu heita tema maalile suurepärasest päikeseloojangust, mis paistab läbi tammepuust, enne kui de Young'i muuseum ümberehitamiseks suleti eelmise aasta detsembris.

Kuigi ta pole kunagi abiellunud, saavutas Phoebe Brown arhitektina suurepärase staatuse ja elas rikkaliku, täisväärtusliku elu. Ta oli aktiivne nii paljudel põhjustel, et fotograaf Ansel Adams märkis kunagi, et alati, kui mõni oluline kodaniku- või keskkonnaküsimus on pooleli, leiate Phoebe Browni selle keskelt ja paremal pool!

Kogu oma büstielu jooksul palusid erinevad sõbrad ja sugulased koopiaid tema ema maavärina aruandest, mille ta esitas käsitsi. See majapidamistöö muutus nii aeganõudvaks, et ta otsustas lõpuks selle trükituna toota. Aastal 1956 tegeles ta minu mehe Leoga disainimise ja trükkimisega Suur San Francisco tulekahju, Helen Hillyer Brown, meie keldris asuvas trükimasinas. See võeti nii hästi vastu, et teise trüki, 1976. aastal, tegi meie poeg Eric oma trükikojas Mission Streetil 30. koha lähedal.

Raamat on nüüd "otsas" ja kahjuks pole Phoebe enam meie seas, et uut väljaannet tellida. Ta suri 86 -aastaselt 1990. aastal.

Tema minekul müüdi Browni kodu idarannikult pärit mehele, seejärel müüdi see edasi paarile, kes on meie linnas sügavad juured loonud. San Francisco kroonika toimetaja Phil Bronstein ja tema naine, näitleja Sharon Stone. (Sellel lehel näidatud vana fotot kasutades ei saa te täna maja ära tunda, sest selle ümber on kerkinud teisi suuri kodusid.)

Sellegipoolest arvan ma alati, et maja on Phoebe ja tema perekonna varjupaik ja tasu pärast 1906. aasta maavärina üleelamist.

Pilt: Üks 25. avenüü 1908. aastal, autor Phoebe H. Brown, viisakalt Leo ja Florence Holub.


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Merekalju ajalugu meenutab praegust olekut

Jean Davis vaatas mälestuspargist Long Island Soundi poole purjetama õppivaid lapsi, meenutades päevi, mis ta lapsepõlves rannas veetis ja Hempsteadi sadamas ujus.

"Merekalju oli ilmselt kõige toredam koht lapsena," ütles 88-aastane küla kaasajaloolane Davis. „Tõusin hommikul üles, tegin emale mõned tööd, pakkisin lõuna ja olin kella üheksaks rannas. Elasime seal rannas. ”

Seal, kus ta seisis, oli kunagi Battershall Inn, suur hotell Sea Cliff Avenue'i läänepoolses otsas, mis kutsus New Yorgi elanikke suveõhtuid peredega tantsima. 1900ndate alguses oli Sea Cliffis üle 20 hotelli ja pansionaadi.

"Sea Cliffi küla kasvas ja muutus külaks, kui inimesed ehitasid üha rohkem maju ja veest üha kaugemale," ütles Davis. "Mõnda aega ei lisatud seda ja siis otsustasid nad 1800ndatel, et nad on parem lisada."

See sai alguse 1871. aastal, kui Metropolitan Campground Association arvas, et Sea Cliff oleks ideaalne koht New Yorgi elanike usuliste suvelaagri koosolekute pidamiseks. Nii ostsid nad esimeselt perekonnalt 200 aakrit sinna puuseppadelt ja asutasid uue kogukonna.

Grupp ehitas lõpuks aurulaevamuuli, laudtee ja telgi, kuhu mahtus 5000 inimest.

Järgmise 20 aasta jooksul tuli üha rohkem inimesi Sea Cliffile laagrikohtumistele ja 1883. aastal liideti küla ametlikult. Sea Cliffi esimene president oli F.W. Geissenhainer, keda Davis kirjeldas kui head meest, kes korraldas ekstravagantseid õhtusööke ja tegi palju oma kogukonna heaks.

Pandeemia on muutnud Long Islandi haridust. Uurige, kuidas.

Klõpsates nuppu Registreeru, nõustute meie privaatsuspoliitikaga.

Hiljem müüsid sinna elama asunud pered sageli 40x60-meetriseid krunte neile, kes soovisid püsivalt jääda.

"Elanikkond oli Brooklyni töötavad inimesed, sest nemad said endale majaehitust lubada," ütles Davis. Praegu on Sea Cliffi elanike arv ligi 5000.

Davise sõnul oli külas suvel kaks korda rohkem elanikke kui talvel, kuna ehitatud suvilaid oli palju.

Ta lisas, et külas on tugev kunstiline taust ja ta tegeleb endiselt muusikaliste etenduste, kunstinäituste ja näidendite korraldamisega. Küla ehitas hiljuti reedeõhtusteks etendusteks lava Sea Cliff Beachi paviljoni lähedale.

"Kui metodistid tabernaaklist loobusid, ostis draamarühm tabernaakli ja tegi sellest teatri," ütles Davis. “Igal laupäeva õhtul oli veel üks etendus, kuhu minna. Meil oli Edward Horton ja kõikvõimalikud vanad filmiinimesed 20. – 30.

Sarnaselt pereapteekiga Schoelles, mis valmistas oma kuulsat omatehtud jäätist 20. sajandi algusest kuni 1990. aastate sulgemiseni, lehvitavad tänapäeva Sea Cliffi ärimehed ja naised möödujatele ikka veel uksest välja, hüüdes enamasti nimesid.

"Inimesed kaotavad Sea Cliffile südame, sest see on jäänud korralikuks," ütles Davis. "Inimesed on toredad, nad on lahked ja sõbralikud. Kui keegi sisse kolib, ilmub keegi leiva, piruka või kausitäie supi juurde. Siin on seda ikka tehtud. "

Tänapäeval on Sea Cliffil kirikud, 1884. aastal korraldatud tuletõrjehoone, rohkem kui 40 viktoriaanlikku kodu, mis on oodatud ajalooliste paikade riikliku registri heakskiitmiseks, jalakäijasõbralikud kõnniteed koos randa viivate treppidega, arvukalt parke, kaks raamatukogu, muuseum , postkontor ja mitmed põhiriba ääres asuvad ettevõtted.

"Sellepärast nad tulevadki, sest nad tunnevad, et see on koht, kus nad saavad oma lapsi kasvatada," ütles Davis. "Nad tahavad, et see, mis siin on, nende lastele peale läheks. Ma ei ütle, et teised linnad seda ei tee. Ma lihtsalt ütlen, et kui Sea Cliff on 1 ruut miil, muutub see ilmselgeks. "


Seacliff Beach Cement Ship laeva ajalugu

Üks Santa Cruzi rannajoone tähelepanuväärsemaid vaatamisväärsusi on S. S. Palo Alto, mida traditsioonilisemalt tuntakse vana “tsementlaeva” nime all. Aptoses Seacliff State Beachi kalastusmuuli lõpus asuv laev jääb kohaliku elu ja mineviku tegevuste nostalgiliseks sümboliks.

Ammu enne seda, kui lained ja talvised tormid laevakere lõhenesid ja laeva liiva sisse uputasid, oli SS Palo Alto 435 jalga pikk ja 7500 tonni kaaluv naftatanker, mis oli ehitatud kasutamiseks Esimese maailmasõja ajal. Kui USA valitsus tellis uued laevad asendada Saksa allveelaevade poolt hävitatud laevad, ehitas USA laevandusamet Emergency Fleet Corporation laevu raudbetoonist, kasutades Norra ehitusinseneri Nicolay Knudtzon Fougneri ja tema venna Hermanni välja töötatud tehnoloogiat.

1919. aastal ehitas Palo Alto koos sõsarlaeva Peralta USA mereväe laevatehases Oaklandis San Francisco laevaehitusettevõte. Laeva õhukese betoonkorpuse ehitamiseks kasutatud tsement pärines Davenportist ja arvatakse, et osa kruusa asemel kaalu kergendamiseks kasutatud tellistest oli San Francisco maavärina tagajärjel tekkinud killustik. Laev oli varustatud 2800 hobujõulise aurumasina, pronksist sõukruvi, valgete Norra tuhatekide ja 14 sektsiooniga, kuhu mahtus 3 miljonit gallonit õli.

Sõda lõppes enne Palo Alto valmimist, nii et see purjetati Oaklandi laevatehasest ankrusse jaanuaris 1921. aastal San Francisco muuli 33 juurde. Sõjajärgsed betoonlaevad ei olnud populaarsed, mistõttu võeti Palo Altolt lõpuks ilma oma mootori ja propelleri ning müüdi 1929. aastal Seacliff Amusement Corporationile. 1930. aastal pukseeris laeva Red Stacki puksiirlaev Seacliff Beachile, kus see lõbusõidulaevana ümber pandi ja 630 jala pikkune kalastusmuut ehitati ühendamiseks laeva ja ahtriga.

Palo Alto renoveerimine hõlmas 54 x 154 jalga tantsupõrandat, 54 jalga soojendusega basseini, kohvikut ja karnevali tüüpi mööndusi. 1930. aasta suvel osales 3000 inimest laeva Rainbow Ballroom avamisel, kus esinesid sellised kuulsad bigbändid nagu Paul Whiteman, Benny Goodman ja Tommy Dorsey. Laev oli ka õnnemängude leviala. Tekil olid mänguautomaadid ja bingo ning kuulujuttude järgi mängisid selle all hasartmängud. Legendi kohaselt oli keeluajal ka ümbritsev rand kurikuulus ebaseadusliku alkoholi tarnimise leviala.

Tsemendilaeva vööriosa, umbes 1940 ja#8217.

Pärast kahte suvehooaega läksid omanikud katki. Järgmisel talvel, 1932, läks Seacliff Amusement Corporation pankrotti ja torm mõras laeva kere keskel. Laevalt võeti ära väärisesemed ja 1936. aastal müüdi see ühe dollari eest riigile. Algselt oli laeva hinnanguline maksumus 1,5 miljonit dollarit.

2001. aastal suleti avalik juurdepääs S. S. Palo Altole jäädavalt. Aasta 2016 2016-17 tormide poolt räsitud, tõstis ahtri püsti, seades ohtu muuli konstruktsiooni ja viies selle määramata sulgemiseni. Vaatamata paratamatule langusele on ikoonilisel tsemendilaeval kohalike jaoks endiselt ajalooline ja sentimentaalne väärtus ning ta on loonud hülgepaiga ja surfaritele liivakambri. Ainult aeg ja elemendid näitavad, kui kaua see ainulaadne merendusjäänus vee kohal püsib.

Fotod viisakalt John Hibble, Aptose kaubanduskoja ja Aptose muuseumi direktor.

Seotud

Fleur Williamsi kohta

31 Vastused küsimusele Seacliff Beach Cement Ship laeva ajalugu

Täname selle tähelepanuväärse maamärgi ajaloo laiendamise eest!

Mäletan, et kalastasin selle paadiga 70ndate keskel ja lõpus! Kurb vaadata selle seisukorda täna!

Sama siin. Elasime Aptoses aastatel 66–69, lapsena kõndisime vana tsemendilaeva juurde palju-palju kordi kala püüdma. See linn, rand, muul ja tsemendilaev olid imeline koht 7-10-aastaselt ringi jooksmiseks/avastamiseks. Kurb näha, et linn on palju muutunud ja tsemendilaev lihtsalt mureneb.

Mäletan, et jalutasime koos isaga tekile välja 70ndate lõpus, kui jäime suvel rannalaenutusse. Tuli palju toredaid mälestusi tagasi, kuigi see tundub nüüd nii teistsugune!
Aitäh suurepärase ajaloolise kokkuvõtte eest!

Elasin Santa Cruzis üle 12 aasta ja olen vaid 16 -aastane, mu vanemad elasid Santa Cruzis peaaegu 20 aastat. Mäletan, et kuulsin seda lugu noore poisina ja on kurb näha, et see läheb, ajalugu on nii suur isegi siis, kui ma ei läinud laevale kunagi, kui mäletan lapsi jr. selle ümber ujumas

Püüdsin oma esimese kala laeva otsast, kui olin 6 -aastane, minust suurem lingitursk
Meie pere ja sõbrad veetsid palju nädalavahetust tsemendipaadi ääres kala püüdes
Kindlasti igatsen neid päevi

Veetsime palju suve Seacliffis ja läksime kuuekümnendatel paati. Minu vanaisa käis krabistamas 30ndatel ja 40ndatel ja 40ndatel. Vabandame, et see on praegu ja#8217 seisukord.

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Käisin seal palju koos tädi ja tema õega, kes elasid lähedal. Tsemendilaevast on mul meeldivad mälestused. Kurb vaadata osariiki

Täname, et kirjutasite lõpuks & gtHistory of Seacliff Beach Cement Ship | Kohalik
Santa Cruz ja see meeldis!

Isa viis mind sinna kalale, kui olin noor (70ndad) ja elasin Aptoses. Ükskord püüdsin meritähte! Suurepärased mälestused ja lõkked sellel rannal. Mulle on öeldud kiirusega, mis see liiva sisse vajub. See pole enam kaua nähtav ja ohkab#8230

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Siin on nimekiri rouse kasiinomängudest, mida depoxito pakub, pakume laia valikut stimuleerivaid kasiinosid
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Tänane päev areneb järk -järgult, mis muudab üksikisikute jaoks lihtsamaks arvutipõhise juurdepääsu
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Seetõttu ei pea kihlveoarmastajad enam panustama õppima konkreetsesse kasiinosse,
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Depoxito on Indoneesia parim online -hasartmängude sait, pidades silmas Depoxitot, mis tekitab teile meeleolu mängida edasi ja erapooletult online -hasartmänge.
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Luksuslik sait ja VIP-klassi minister teile, oma ajast ees ja hõlpsasti kasutatav sait, lahke ja alati lahke kliendiabi
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Seetõttu on Depoxito usaldusväärne online -hasartmängude edasimüüja
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Lisaks meie saidi fikseeritud VIP -edasisele mängule teeme seda
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PAGCOR (Philippines Amusement and Gaming Corporation) akrediteeritud hasartmängude saidina on Depoxito lisaks üks neist
üks hasartmängude sait Indoneesias ja sellel on hea maine
kõik Indoneesia online -hasartmängude mängijad.
Nagu oleme öelnud, on meil klienditeenindaja, kes on alati toes ooterežiimis
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Ja meie saidi teiste saitidega võrreldes on kõige erilisem see, et meil on piisavalt raha, et meie ustavad liikmed, kes jätkavad end meie saidil tutvustamas, saaksid parimaid kampaaniaid ja boonuseid
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Tavaliselt on Userbolavip sait ka eellaaditud erinevate funktsioonidega
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Osana registreerimisel võib inimesel kohe olla mitmesuguseid keerukaid ja atraktiivseid funktsioone - parim pluss kõige usaldusväärsem
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Täielik mängutüüp
Saades Internetis Userbolavipi liikmeks
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Mitte ainult mänguautomaatide mänge, vaid ka siit leiate
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Fortune'i rool: Hollywood Edition

Õnneratas on kõige tõhusamad online -kasiinomängud
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arendaja, IGT. Kui olete enne õnneratta saadet vaadanud,
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Suurepärased asjad alternatiivsete linkide kohta l69
Kuid viimasel ajal on tavaliselt palju liikmeid, kellel on probleeme ja probleeme
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Ion casino on usaldusväärne ja parim online -kasiino sait kuni 2010. aastani
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Sbobet Indonesia agent
To be a professional online gambling player means that you must know the site where a person play from the
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There are millions of individuals registered
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Including those who usually are fond of online gambling
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In this article we will present a lot of information that should be known about Sbobet official
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Sbobet Dalam negri Type of Game
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For fans regarding gambling betting in Indonesia, this site could possibly
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Sports activities
In case you have been in the online betting business with regard to a long time, this specific category is familiar.
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Online Slots
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Online games
Sbobet Games is a sort of computer animation online game with various types
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With features and gambling options pretty much get this game category one associated with the favorites too.

One of the most well-liked varieties of Sbobet Indonesia games is Football Strike, wherever players are asked to be able
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Betberry is 1 of the best sites in the online gambling market
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The state and Best Soccer Betting Agent, One of the particular
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Known as the site that won 2 awards since
the best operator, Sbobet continues to be serving the customers for 7 years and counting and carries on to survive
as the oldest and most significant internet gambling site in Asia.

Userbola Agent Sportsbook Trusted
The football gambling game is very popular in Indonesia.
Besides having the ability to play sports betting,
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Userbola as an official and reliable Indonesian gambling website and bookmaker provides fast and free
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Game Userbola Online Wagering
The userbola site also offers ibcbet / maxbet ball gambling games, joker slots gaming gambling, live casino,
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THE WAY TO DEPOSIT ONLINE BETS
You must first register to become a member of a soccer gambling agent.
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Request via Live Conversation Userbola directly
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Congratulations on joining the Indonesian Trusted Football Gambling Agent community.

Userbola is for those of you who are serious about enjoying with us.
Have a good bet.

Ubobet is an internationally trusted gambling dealer past 2001 until now.
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Ubobet has reached the entire world gambling present
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Choosing the best and most trusted area to put it on online gambling has become the main requirement if you desire to
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Are you a aficionado of online slot gambling games? This game has been more or less for
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Most Trusted Online Gambling Site in Indonesia in 2021

Nowadays playing online gambling is no stranger to the Indonesian people.
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Sutro Historical District

Adolph Heinrich Joseph Sutro (April 29, 1830 – August 8, 1898) was the 24th mayor of San Francisco from 1894 until 1896. Born in Aachen, Prussia, Sutro was educated as an engineer and arrived in the United States in 1850 at the age of twenty. He made his considerable fortune by de-watering and de-gassing the mine shafts of the Comstock Lode in Nevada.

After returning from the Comstock in 1879 he increased his wealth by large real estate investments in San Francisco such as Land’s End, Mount Sutro, and Mount Davidson. He built a modest yet unique estate in what is now Sutro Heights Park. Sutro opened his estate to the public and was heralded as a populist for various projects that benefitted the general population.

Sutro’s reputation as a provider of diversions and culture for the average person led the Populist Party to draft him to run for mayor. He won on an anti-big business platform but was not considered a successful mayor—his political career lasted a short two years. At the time of his death, in 1898, his fortune was extensive and his legal affairs in disarray. As a result, his heirs fought bitterly over his holdings. For additional information about this fascinating man, follow the links below.

Just north of the Cliff House are the historically protected ruins of the once grand Sutro Baths built by Adolph Sutro. Sutro had been developing the project for years, attempting four separate times to insulate the site from waves using sea walls, the first three of which collapsed into the Pacific Ocean. On March 14, 1896 the Sutro Baths finally opened to a dazzled public at a cost of more than $500,000. Spread over three acres, the artistic detail and engineering ingenuity were impressive.

A classic Greek portal opened to a massive glass enclosure containing one fresh water tank and six salt-water tanks, all at various temperatures. Together the pools held 1,685,000 gallons of seawater and could be filled or emptied in one hour by the high or low tides. There were 20,000 bathing suits and 40,000 towels for rent as well as slides, trapezes, springboards, and a high dive for up to 1,600 bathers.

The building contained three restaurants that could accommodate 1,000 people at a seating and was stocked with treasures that Sutro had collected during his travels. A 3,700-seat amphitheater provided entertainment and up to 25,000 people could visit each day for a mere 10 cents (25 cents for swimming). Sutro’s dream was realized as the San Francisco populace streamed to the baths riding the excursion railroad he built to reach them. The railroad grade still exists as a walking trail along the Land’s End cliffs.ours.

By 1937 Sutro’s grandson realized the baths were no longer commercially successful so he converted the large tank into an ice skating rink. Sutro Baths never regained its popularity and the ice-skating revenue was not enough to maintain the enormous building. George Whitney purchased the Sutro Baths in 1952 from Sutro’s grandson and in 1966, the site was sold to land developers who began demolition so they could build high-rise apartments. A fire quickly finished the demolition work and thus ended the 80-year history of Sutro Baths.

Today you can explore the remains of Sutro Baths and imagine the elegance of life here at the turn of the century. The baths became part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area in 1973 and are still popular for the scenic and recreational values recognized by Adolph Sutro over 100 years ago.

Adolph Sutro first encountered the future site of his Sutro Heights home in March of 1881 while on a visit with his daughter Emma to the home of Samuel Tetlow. Legend has it that Sutro was so entranced with the site that he made a deposit of $1,000 (on a total sale price of $15,000) for the cottage and an adjoining 1.65 acres that very afternoon. Sutro acquired the 21.21 acres adjacent to the cottage as well as 80 acres of shore lands bordering Fort Miley and part of the future Lincoln Park. This land included The Cliff House.

Sutro’s renovation of the cottage retained its relatively modest appearance, belying its ownership by a man of Sutro’s wealth and stature. In contrast to his restraint at renovation of the cottage, Sutro concentrated his efforts on the immediate development of elaborate gardens that eventually would cover the twenty-acre site.

Until the early 1920s the gardens remained in relatively good condition. The gardens’ condition declined after Dr. Emma Sutro Merritt deeded maintenance to the City in 1933, and it accelerated after her death in 1938. In 1976, the City of San Francisco transferred ownership of Sutro Heights to the National Park Service, to be managed as part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. National Park Service management efforts since that time have attempted to identify and preserve the historic features remaining on the site.

Sutro Heights today continues to provide open space for strolling or other forms of passive recreation but presents a simpler appearance than in its heyday. The main entrance to Sutro Heights Park off Point Lobos Avenue is marked by statuary lions on each side that are reproductions of the originals. Palm Avenue, the broad promenade, is lined still, in part, by palm trees. Intermittent groupings of trees and shrubs—scant reminders of Sutro’s complex planting arrangements—still survive, as does the well house. There are still views of the ocean and surrounding coast from the semi-circular parapet located at the western end of the site, and at intervals along the oceanfront side of the park.

The History and Significance of the Adolph Sutro Historic District:
excerpts from the National Register of Historic Places
Nomination Form prepared in 2000
James P. Delgado, Denise Bradley, Paul M. Scolari, Stephen A. Haller
To read the full text of this article click here.


Sea Cliff - History

Sea Cliff Beach will be opening on Saturday May 29, 2021. The Beach will be open on weekends only until June 26, 2021 when it will be open on a daily basis.

To ensure public health and compliance with Governor's Orders regarding outdoor gatherings, non-residents are not permitted to visit the beach on weekends. Non-residents are welcome to purchase a weekday/daily membership for Monday - Friday.

Beach & Kayak Rack Rental Application - application must be brought to the beach office applications are not being accepted at Village hall

State Funds are Available to Help Replace Septic Systems

State funding of $2 million will help Nassau County provide up to $10,000 in grants for homeowners and small businesses seeking to replace failing septic systems. New septic systems will help in efforts to reduce nitrogen and other pollutants from entering our waterways.

Applications for the county's SEPTIC program will open Monday May 3, 2021. The grants are for 50% of the cost of a new state-of-the-art nitrogen-reducing septic system, up to $10,000.

Applications can be filled out online at NassauCountyNY.gov/SepticReplace. Qualifying residents can also contact [email protected] or call 516-364-5861 for more information and instructions on how to apply.

Sea Cliff Circle

Code Red Notification System

The Village of Sea Cliff has an emergency communications system to be able to quickly deliver messages to targeted areas or the entire village. These messages are sent via phone calls, email and/or texts depending on your preferences. Learn more about our CodeRed high-speed notification solution. You need to sign up to be assured you receive notifications.

Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Sea Cliff is taking the spread of the COVID-19 virus seriously. While we encourage you to be prepared, take precautions, and be part of the solution. We are working with Nassau County and New York State officials as well as healthcare professionals to help people stay informed and safe. For more information, go to the Nassau County Website

Basic Information about Village Operations:

  • Access to Village Hall is limited in access from the public. We suggest making an appointment and facial covering is required to enter the building
  • All sanitation collections are continuing as scheduled
  • All meetings of Village Boards are being conducted via video conference, consult the website calendar for instructions on how to participate
  • All member of Village staff are working and can be contacted by email or be calling Village Hall during work hours

IMPORTANT LINKS & NUMBERS

To report a violation in New York's public assembly guidelines, email: [email protected]

Crisis Helpline: (516) 227-TALK (8255)

Veterans Service Agency: (516) 572-6565

For TEXT Updates: text COVID19NC to 888777

Survey 2020: Engage with a Vision for the Village

The Long-Term Planning Committee has been hard at work over the last nine months to develop a vision for the future of Sea Cliff. A long-range plan is only as good as the information upon which it is built. Towards that end, we encourage all residents to participate in the Sea Cliff Long Range Survey

Residential Rehabilitation Program

The Village of Sea Cliff Community Development Program will be accepting Residential Rehabilitation Applications on an ongoing basis. Applications and instructions can be downloaded here and are also available in Village Hall

Past Issues of the can be Found Here

Sanitation and Recycling

  • Monday & Thursday for properties north of Glen Avenue
  • Tuesday and Friday for properties south of Glen Avenue
  • Recyclables are picked up curbside throughout the entire Village every Wednesday except during some holiday weeks (see holiday garbage schedule).

PLEASE: In order to avoid injuries, your sanitation workers cannot lift cans that are over 32-gallons in size or 75 pounds in weight. Oversize garbage cans are not permitted and Notices of Violation will be issued for their use.

We utilize facilities that accommodate single-stream recycling which means all materials to be recycled can be put in the same container. Sanitation crews will pick up paper, cardboard, glass, plastic & cans from containers placed at curbside. Paper does not have to be bundled however, it should be placed in a manner that does not allow it to blow around. Cardboard boxes do not need to be crushed boxes may be placed inside other boxes. Rinse out glass, plastic and tin cans prior to placing these items in the container to prevent rodent infestation and to avoid contaminating the recycling load. All recycling peab be free of regular garbage or it will not be taken. For more information visit the Public Works section of the website.


Preserving Sea Cliff’s history, one path at a time

Even on an overcast December afternoon, the view from Leslie Guerci&rsquos home is spectacular. Through a large second-story window, she can see boats moving through Hempstead Harbor, which, surrounded by bluffs, is one of the most picturesque places on Long Island.

What makes the village truly lovely, though, doesn&rsquot require watercraft or a picture window to see, according to Guerci. It is discovered by anyone willing to take a walk: the town&rsquos architecture and history, which she seeks to preserve as president of the Sea Cliff Landmarks Association and chairwoman of the village&rsquos Landmarks Preservation Commission.

Guerci took over those volunteer positions in 2011, after the death of her predecessor, Eve Haim. Now in her mid-60s, Guerci has worked hard to ensure that Sea Cliff&rsquos heritage remains intact through lectures, tours and other special events. And her most notable contribution was even more tangible.

In August, she published a map of Sea Cliff&rsquos pathways and landmarks, the first of its kind in the village, with funding from the Landmarks Association. In it, she not only identified these places, but also wrote about their significance in the town&rsquos history. This labor of love took two years of careful research, and is full of insight into Sea Cliff&rsquos rich and colorful past. For her dedication, the Herald Gazette is proud to name Guerci its 2019 Person of the Year.

The things that were

Guerci spent most of her life in rural upstate New York and Baltimore, but in 1999, she, her husband, Alan, and their son, John, moved to Sea Cliff. Alan said they were drawn to the village by his wife&rsquos love of Victorian architecture, which is found up and down its streets. Leslie began working as a design consultant, helping contractors create and renovate the interiors of local homes and businesses.

Her passion for classic architecture prompted her to get involved in local volunteer preservation organizations, which didn&rsquot surprise her family. &ldquoLeslie is a compulsive community volunteer,&rdquo Alan said. &ldquoWherever we&rsquove lived, she&rsquos gotten involved in the community.&rdquo

Much of her volunteer work has focused on maintaining Sea Cliff&rsquos status as the historical landmark capital of Nassau County. It has more state-designated landmarks than any other village in the county. Guerci has worked tirelessly to make state officials understand why so many places in Sea Cliff have historic or artistic value.

&ldquoLeslie Guerci epitomizes the beauty of Sea Cliff with her long-term approach to keeping our village landmark status intact for future generations,&rdquo Mayor Edward Lieberman said. &ldquoThis is an endearing individual whose first love is Sea Cliff.&rdquo

&ldquoLeslie is a friendly, smart, outgoing woman who never asks anybody to do anything she wouldn&rsquot do herself,&rdquo Village Administrator Bruce Kennedy added. &ldquoShe has made landmarks preservation a fun, valuable thing that has gotten a lot of buy-in from the community.&rdquo

The preservation of landmarks is important to many residents because of Sea Cliff&rsquos unique history. The village appears distinctly old compared with other places on Long Island. Not long after the Civil War, the Metropolitan Campground Association of the Methodist Church bought much of Sea Cliff and set up small tent settlements throughout the village. Roads were built to accommodate the camps, and they predated cars, which is why many of the surviving streets are so narrow. Most of them don&rsquot have sidewalks, in stark contrast with much of the rest of Long Island.

&ldquoIt&rsquos an interesting story of how the village developed and grew from its beginnings,&rdquo said Sara Reres, former director of the Village Museum. &ldquoI think as far as Long Island is concerned, it&rsquos a very interesting history and unique to the Island.&rdquo

The things that are

One of Guerci&rsquos more consistent efforts as the head of the Landmarks Association and the Landmarks Commission has been restoring the town&rsquos oldest walkways. She has partnered with the Sea Cliff Department of Public Works on restoration as well as maintenance of the walkways&rsquo infrastructure. Some of them date back to the 1870s, and residents rarely use them today.

&ldquoThe previous push in Landmarks for a number of years had been to give people grants to work on their houses,&rdquo Guerci explained, &ldquoand I just didn&rsquot think that was a good use of nonprofit money, because it only really benefited those people. I wanted to do something that benefited the village at large.&rdquo

However, as more and more walkways were restored, she realized that she couldn&rsquot find many of them on village maps. Many weren&rsquot marked at all, and even Google Maps wasn&rsquot entirely correct. In 2017, she sought to change all that.

Guerci began walking the pathways every day, noting every staircase, boardwalk, trail and street she saw, while also taking in Sea Cliff&rsquos natural beauty. Realizing how much history there was in these places, she decided that she didn&rsquot want her map to be simply a collection of lines and names on paper. Instead, it became something of a Sea Cliff encyclopedia, with more than 40 identified locations, most of them accompanied by detailed explanations of their histories.

Guerci pored over copies of digitized old newspapers, some dating back to the 1870s. She scoured issue after issue of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle the Sea Cliff News &mdash a weekly newspaper that was published from 1918 to 1951 &mdash and old Sea Cliff postcards, as well as old maps and other resources in the Village Museum. She compiled details of nearly everything she had mapped out on her own.

Reres, who retired from the museum in April, said she was impressed by Guerci&rsquos extensive knowledge of Sea Cliff&rsquos history, as well as her dedication to preserving it.

After gathering all the information, Guerci worked with a graphic designer to create a colorful, easy-to-read map. She sent them to every household in Sea Cliff at no charge, and has sold copies to visitors through several retailers in the village.

The things yet to come

Even though this two-year labor of love is complete, Guerci isn&rsquot even close to finishing her work of preserving Sea Cliff&rsquos history. She continues to host walking tours and lectures for hundreds of people every year, and wants to create a similar map of kõik of the village&rsquos landmarks.

As active as she is, she shows no signs of slowing down, which is greatly appreciated by her fellow local historians. &ldquo[Guerci&rsquos leadership is] crucial, because she&rsquos a torchbearer,&rdquo said William Bryant, vice chair of the Landmarks Commission. &ldquoShe keeps people showing up she gets people to volunteer. She got me to volunteer &mdash and continues to get me to volunteer &mdash in ways that I&rsquom not always inclined to do naturally, but there&rsquos something about her persistence and her ability to bring people into the fold that makes a big difference.&rdquo

Alan Guerci said that he and his wife think Sea Cliff is a wonderful community. &ldquoThere are people from all different backgrounds and professions, and [Leslie&rsquos] just in love with the town and in love with the people,&rdquo he said. &ldquoIt&rsquos in her nature to try to establish communities.&rdquo

Despite how highly so many of her peers speak of her impact on preserving Sea Cliff&rsquos history, Guerci is reluctant to take much credit. &ldquoIt&rsquos not a solitary endeavor,&rdquo she said. &ldquoIt takes a lot of volunteer effort to do any of these things for Landmarks . . . I didn&rsquot want it to be just about me.&rdquo


What You’ll Pay

In October 2019, 40 single-family houses were listed for sale, at an average of $1.06 million, according to Sherlock Homes Realty, a local brokerage. While that list price topped the average for Nassau County, according to the Douglas Elliman agency, it was on par with that of the affluent North Shore.

A cottage built in 1900, with two bedrooms and one bathroom, was the least expensive listing at $429,000, while Westways, a 1913 six-bedroom estate with a saltwater pool, was the priciest, at $3.15 million.

The market seems robust. In the past 12 months, 51 single-family houses sold at an average price of $820,000, according to information from the Sherlock Homes brokerage. In comparison, during the preceding 12 months, there were 46 sales at an average of $742,000. But inventory levels are historically high, which brokers say suggests that the slowdown hitting New York City could soon make its way east.

“We’re usually about six months behind,” said Terry Sciubba, the owner of Sherlock Homes. “But we see this happen from time to time.”

Rentals — often in former hotels, like the eight-unit 52 Prospect Avenue — aren’t easy to come by. But one-bedrooms go for about $2,000 a month.


This San Francisco hike offers nature, history — and unobstructed views of the Golden Gate Bridge

I savor every second I’m home in the Bay Area. I disconnect from my hectic life in the District and trade it for uninterrupted time with family and friends, enormous $1 avocados at the farmers market, and as many hikes and beach trips as possible. I was due for a visit to Lands End, the rugged oceanside park within the Golden Gate National Recreation Area, the 82,027-acre expanse that includes many of the Bay Area’s most jaw-dropping landmarks and vistas. Exercise, trees and ocean views sounded like the perfect antidote to the East Coast winter. I was in dire need of some vitamin sea.

Hugging San Francisco’s northwest shore, Lands End offers an unobstructed view of the iconic structure that draws so many visitors from around the world — the Golden Gate Bridge. And seeing it here doesn’t require elbowing your way through the crowds at Baker Beach or Fort Point. The site’s trails weave through the forests and beaches that abut the steep cliffs and sharp rocks that form a natural “gate” for the ships that sail into San Francisco Bay. Hiking here is a way to feel a little wild again, even in the quintessential 21st-century city.

After a late and leisurely breakfast at home, my mom, my younger brother, Erhan, and I set off toward San Francisco on Interstate 280. Erhan deejayed as we wound through the South Bay’s green foothills and cypress forests until Ocean Beach unfurled before us, a shimmering canvas of blue water and pale sand dotted with joggers. Lands End is usually less crowded than some of the other local spots, but on this sunny but brisk Saturday, the main parking lot was full. Erhan, a regular here, maneuvered us to another one around the corner past the Lands End Lookout, the beginning of the park that includes restrooms, a cafe, visitor center and bookstore.

We decided to follow the Coastal Trail, an easy 1.7-mile route that follows the railbed of the railroad that operated here in the 1880s and takes visitors through tunnels of trees and past scenic outlooks. It’s not a strenuous hike, but we had dressed in running attire to contend with the rocky and uneven parts of the path (the area has experienced landslides). We paused at Point Lobos, named for the sea lions, or lobos marinos, that sometimes sun themselves on the rocks below — though, sadly, not today.

From the trailhead, we looked down at children and parents peering into a large concrete pool on the shore. It’s the ruins of the Sutro Baths, a public swimming pool and entertainment complex that was the crown jewel of this neighborhood when it opened in 1894. Named for its developer, Adolph Sutro, a gold-rush-era millionaire who later became mayor of San Francisco, the baths were once a playground for city dwellers. Sutro died in 1898, and while his family continued to manage the complex until it was sold in 1952, the Great Depression and tighter health restrictions had caused the baths’ popularity to dip. The complex closed permanently in 1965 and was destroyed by a fire the next year. Now all that remains are the steel beams and concrete blocks.

It’s not hard to learn something at Lands End, as signage along the route provides interesting facts about the area’s history and ecology. The baths’ colorful history is a case in point.

We cut back across the cliff top and proceeded north to the trail. As we wound into the cliffs and further away from the parking lot below, the loud waves drowned out the sound of cars and the only reminders of the world outside were the smartphones in other hikers’ hands.

The main path is wide and well trod because several people have died falling from the cliffs over the years, numerous signs urge hikers to stay on marked trails. Glimpses of the bridge were visible as we walked under a dark green canopy of cypress and eucalyptus trees. We paused at the Eastern Coastal Trail Overlook, where other hikers and dogs were resting, to take in our first expansive view of the bridge — a reward after so many quick glimpses. A smaller trail beckoned about 200 steps below us was Mile Rock Beach, a little cove strewn with logs and stacked boulders with a beachfront view of the bridge from below.

From the primary trail, we headed to the site that populates the Instagram feeds of so many Bay Area teens — the stone labyrinth created by San Francisco artist Eduardo Aguilera. The maze crowns a large cliffside clearing with a panoramic view of the bridge. Getting there is more strenuous than the rest of the trail and requires walking on narrow paths and descending numerous steps. The labyrinth, which has been repeatedly vandalized and was destroyed twice over the years, was rebuilt with the help of volunteers. The design looks as if it’s carved into the earth, and its setting at cliff’s edge is a beautiful but uneasy reminder of how jagged and high these bluffs are.

After a workout climbing the stairs, we returned to the forested portion of the trail and took more pictures through the trees. The last leg of the trail starts in a eucalyptus grove and becomes grassy and filled with wildflowers signage names the native plants that surround us — coyote brush, sticky monkey flower, seaside daisy and toyon. Small yellow flowers look like drops of paint spilled on a green canvas composed of wild, linear strokes. At Eagle’s Point, the lookout closest to the bridge, we join some people eating sandwiches from Ike’s — a local mainstay — on a long bench. This was the closest we got to the urban cityscape (the trail runs into the ritzy Sea Cliff neighborhood), but it still felt far away. Taking in the view, we decided not to continue on to China Beach and instead returned the way we came.